Mga Anda ng Epiko:
1. Ang pag-alis o paglisan ng pangunahing tauhan sa sariling tahanan.
2. Pagtataglay ng agimat o anting-anting ng pangunahing tauhan.
3. Ang paghahanap ng pangunahing tauhan sa isang minamahal.
4. Pakikipaglaban ng pangunahing tauhan.
5. Patuloy na pakikidigma ng bayani.
6. Mamamagitan ang isang bathala para matigil ang labanan.
7. Ang pagbubunyag ng bathala na ang naglalaban ay magkadugo.
8. Pagkamatay ng bayani.
9. Pagkabuhay na muli ng bayani. Continue reading “Ang Mga Epiko sa Pilipinas”
Sa isang nayon sa Baguio na kung tawagin ay Suyuk, naninirahan ang mga Igorot na pinamumunuan ni Kunto. Si Kunto ay bata pa ngunit siya ang pinakama-lakas at pinakamatapang sa kanilang nayon kaya siya ang ginawang puno ng matatandang pantas.
Ang mga naninirahan sa nayong ito ay namumuhay nang tahimik . Maibigin sila sa kapwa at may takot sila sa kanilang bathala. Taun-taon ay nagdaraos sila ng caᾗao bilang parangal sa kanilang mga anito. Noong panahong iyon, ang mga Igorot ay naniniwala sa iba’t ibang anito. Continue reading “Mina ng Ginto”
One day a woman went out to find water. She had no water to drink, because all the streams were dried up. As she went along, she saw some water in a leaf. She drank it, and washed her body. As soon as she had drunk the water, her head began to hurt. Then she went home, spread out a mat, lay down on it, and went to sleep. She slept for nine days. When she woke up, she took a comb and combed her hair. As she combed it, a squirrel-baby came out from her hair. After the baby had been in the house one week, it began to grow and jump about. It staid up under the roof of the house.
One day the Squirrel said to his mother, “O mother! I want you to go to the house of the Datu who is called ‘sultan,’ and take these nine kamagi and these nine finger-rings to pay for the sultan’s daughter, because I want to marry her.” Continue reading “The Woman and the Squirrel”
The liver of the crow is “medicine” for many pains and for sickness. On this account the Bagobo kills the crow so that he may get his liver for “medicine.” The liver is good to eat, either cooked or raw. If you see a crow dead, you can get its liver and eat some of it, and it will be “medicine” for your body.
The crow never makes its nest in low-growing trees, but only in tall, big trees. Far from here, the old men say, in the land where the sun rises, there are no more living trees; for the scorching heat of the sun has killed them.all, and dried up the leaves. There they stand, with naked branches, all bare of leaves. Continue reading “The Crow and the Golden Trees”
A long time ago there was a young man whose name was Jackyo. He was very poor, and by his daily labor could earn barely enough for his food and nothing at all for his clothes. He had a little farm at some distance from the village in which he lived, and on it raised a few poor crops.
One pleasant afternoon Jackyo started off to visit his farm. It was late when he reached it, and after he had finished inspecting his crops, he turned back homewards. But the bright day had gone and the sun had set. Night came on quickly, and the way was dark and lonely. Continue reading “How Jackyo Became Rich”
In the beginning, when there were no creatures yet, there was only the
sea. Floating on this sea was a thing resembling a ball. This was the abode of
God the Most High. When he wanted to bring out his creations, the ball split;
one half of it rose and became heaven (with seven levels) and the lower half
remained and became the earth (with seven levels). Continue reading “Samal Genesis”
One of the stories about the creation of the world, which the old folks of Panay,
especially those living near the mountain, do not tire relating, tells us that in the
beginning there was no heaven or earth—only a bottomless deep and a world of mist.
Everything was shapeless and formless—the earth, the sky, the sea, and the air were
almost all mixed up. Continue reading “How the World Was Created (Panayan)”
Masagana ang Kahariang Masinlok. Magandang maganda noon ang umaga. Maningning ang sikat ng araw. Sariwa ang hanging amihan. Lunti ang mga halaman sa paligid. Masigla ang awit ng mga ibon. Bughaw ang kabundukan. Subalit ang kagandahan ng umaga ay hindi nakasiya sa Datu. Wala siyang madamang kaligayahan sa lahat ng namamalas.
Malungkot na nakapanungaw ang Datu. Nakatuon ang ma paningin sa bughaw na kabundukan. Nakakunot ang noo at tikom ang mga labi. Nagbuntong-hininga siya ng malalim.
When the goddess of the eastern sky Alunsina (also known as Laun Sina, “The Unmarried One”) reached maidenhood, the king of the gods, Kaptan, decreed that she should marry. All the unmarried gods of the different domains of the universe tried to win her hand to no avail. She chose to marry a mortal, Datu Paubari, the mighty ruler of Halawod. Continue reading “HINILAWOD”